Keynote Speech and Panel Discussion

The six experts will give keynote lectures on July 05, 2013 (Day 1) of ICBAKE 2013. After the six keynote lectures, we plan to have a panel discussion on the theme, "Fusion and future of biometrics and Kansei engineering-Technology for understanding humans".

Because of the social demand for safety and peace of mind, and due to rapid aging of the population, "Technology for understanding humans" has never been more important. However, newly developed approaches for understanding humans have various problems and limitations. Although biometrics and Kansei engineering have different research focuses, both fields involve human sensing, data analysis, and the application of these evaluations. Thus, "technology for understanding humans" is a common keyword and encompasses the measurement, observation, comprehension, classification, discrimination, and other similar facets of human traits, characteristics, feelings, and emotions. By discussing these two areas of research, it is anticipated that researchers from both fields will gain new insights and help create new areas of research. It is our hope that conference attendees will take advantage of the panel discussion as a place for exchanging views and ideas on the emerging interdisciplinary field between biometrics and Kansei engineering.

Name: Khalid Saeed
Affiliation: Faculty of Physics and Applied Computer Science, AGH University, Krakow, Poland
Biography: Khalid Saeed received the BSc Degree in Electrical and Electronics Engineering in from Baghdad University whilst the MSc and PhD Degrees from Wroclaw University of Technology in Poland. He received his DSc Degree (Habilitation) in Computer Science from Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw. He is a Professor of Computer Science with AGH University of Science and Technology in Poland. He has published more than 150 publications - edited 17 books, Journals and Conference Proceedings and wrote 7 text and reference books. He supervised about 100 MSc and 12 PhD theses. His areas of interest are Biometrics, Image Analysis and Processing and Computer Information Systems. He gave 33 invited lectures and keynotes in different universities in Europe, China, India, South Korea and Japan. The talks were on Biometric Image Processing and Analysis. He received about 15 academic awards. Khalid Saeed is a member of more than 15 editorial boards of international journals and conferences. He is an IEEE Senior Member and has been selected as IEEE Distinguished Speaker for 2011-2014. Khalid Saeed is the Editor-in-Chief of International Journal of Biometrics with Inderscience Publishers in UK.

Keynote title: Biometrics and Society - Impact of Kansei Engineering on Biometrics
Abstract: Very often we hear the questions: What is the relation between Biometrics and Kansei Engineering? Which affects the other? This lecture will introduce a discussion on the social sides of biometrics ? security, convenience, user friendliness, real world biometrics technologies. Some more applications of biometrics will be introduced like its use in kindergartens, primary and high schools, library and food service. Smart environment will be discussed on the basis of ambient intelligence with the attention paid to the role of biometrics in that. The integration of biometrics with other systems and products like car computers and the car computer-driver relations will be the starting point of the impact of Kansei Engineering on Biometrics and the possibility of their interaction.

Name: Masatsugu Ichino
Affiliation: Graduate School of Informatics and Engineering, University of Electro-Communications, Tokyo, Japan
Biography: Masatsugu Ichino received his B.E. degree in electronics, information and communication engineering from Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan in 2003, and M.E. and Ph.D. degrees in computer science and engineering from Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan, in 2005 and 2008, respectively. Dr. Ichino is currently an assistant professor at the Graduate School of Informatics and Engineering, University of Electro-Communications, Tokyo, Japan. His research interests include biometrics, network security, quality of service, and pattern recognition.

Keynote title: Soft Biometrics and Its Application to Security and Business
Abstract: Biometric technology allows automatic identification or verification of an individual based on the person's physiological or behavioral characteristics. Recently, one of the research topics has been focused on Soft Biometrics. Soft biometrics has possibility to make the security technology considering the privacy and improve the service quality by providing the service appropriate to each person. Soft biometrics is defined as characteristics that provide some information about the individual, but they lack high distinctiveness and performance to sufficiently differentiate any two individuals. We will introduce a summary of soft biometrics. And we will also introduce the application of soft biometrics and our work. Finally we will discuss the relation between soft biometrics and kansei engineering.

Name: Akira Otsuka
Affiliation: National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST)
Biography: Akira Otsuka received Ph.D. degree in Information and Communication Engineering from the University of Tokyo in 2002. He joined National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Tech- nology (AIST) since 2005. Currently, he serves as a senior research scientist at Information Technology Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) and a professor at Research and Development Initiative, Chuo University.

Keynote title: Wolf Attack - Algorithmic Vulnerability in Biometric Authentication Systems
Abstract: Conventionally, almost all biometric authentication systems assume that impersonation attempts are conducted by human samples or artifacts resemble to human samples. Similarly, the security of biometric authentication systems is conventionally measured by false acceptance rate, the average probability of accepting impersonation attempts assuming biometric samples are uniformly chosen from human bodies. Obviously, however, adversaries are not limited to use samples from human. Deep analysis of biometric authentication algorithms often shows that some irregular artificial patterns give very high acceptance rate against any registered human templates. Wolf attack is defined as a series of attacks utilizing such patterns in impersonation against biometric authentication systems. In this talk, I will demonstrate our recent results in fingerprint recognition systems and theoretical and practical countermeasures against it.

Name: Tomomasa Nagashima
Biography: He is currently a professor emeritus, Muroran Institute of Technology, Japan. He is also a Fellow of The Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, IEICE, Japan. He received Ph. D in physics from Waseda University, Tokyo, in 1978. He served as a director of Japanese Society of KANSEI Engineering from 2005 to 2012. He is the author of several books on Kansei. Besides International Journal of Biometrics (IJBM), he is an editorial board member of several International Scientific Journals. His research interests are in the areas of information technology, in particular, theory and applications of Kansei.

Keynote title:The fundamentals of Kansei engineering and a methodological problem - Human internal information and empathy-
Abstract: Under the topic "Techniques of Knowing Human", this symposium is planned aiming at searching for further development of collaboration between Biometrics and Kansei engineering.
For this purpose, in the first half of the talk, the key notions, including the goal and the aims, of Kansei engineering will be discussed. In the second half of the talk, it will figure out the ideas/themes which may be hopefully beneficial for the researches of Biometrics as well as Kansei engineering.

Name: Satori Hachisuka
Biography: Satori Hachisuka received the B.S. degree from Keio University in 2002, the M.S. and Ph.D. degrees from The University of Tokyo in 2004 and 2007 respectively. She researched driver drowsiness detection using several physiological data in her master and doctoral theses. She is now working for DENSO Corporation and continues researching driver status monitor. Her areas of interest are Human Machine Interface and Ergonomics. She received the Best Paper Award (in Applications) at 2006 IEEE/ASME International Conference on Mechatronic and Embedded Systems and Applications (MESA 06), and IEEE/ASME Best Mechatronics Paper Award in 2008.

Keynote title: Human and Vehicle - Driver Drowsiness Detection by Facial Expression
Abstract: This lecture will introduce the worldfs first method of detecting driverfs drowsiness level from the facial expression. The motivation is to realize the novel safety system which can detect the driver's slight drowsiness and keep the driver awake while driving. The brain wave, especially alpha wave, is commonly used as the drowsiness index. However, it is not suitable for the in-vehicle system since it is measured with electrodes or sensors worn over the head. We precisely investigated the relationship between the change of brain wave and other drowsiness indexes that can be measured without any contact; drowsiness level evaluated from facial expression, low-frequency power content of eye-movement, fluctuation of heart rate, and distance of lane deviation from the center. This lecture will show you a process how we found the features of drowsiness from human and developed the method of drowsiness detection without any contact sensors.

Name: Toshikazu Kato
Biography: Born in Osaka. In 1986, completed the doctoral program majoring in information science at the Kyoto University Graduate School of Engineering. In 1987, he received his Ph. D. dgree on Computer Science from Kyoto University. In 1986, he joined Electrotechnical Laboratory (ETL), at the Agency of Industrial Science and Technology (AIST; currently known as the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), part of the MITI (Ministry of International Trade and Industry). Served as Chief of Interactive Systems Section, Intelligent System Division, and later as Laboratory Leader of the Human Media Laboratory. of ETL In 1997, he became a Professor of the Faculty of Engineering, Chuo University. Since January 2010, has served as Vice-President of Chuo University (in charge of research). He has been a pioneer and leader in research and development for a user-friendly information environment in Japan. His areas of interest are affective engineering, kansei engineering and informatics, computer vision, visual perception, and human interface and multimedia information processing. He is a member of the Japan Society of Kansei Engineering (Vice-President, Editor-in-chief of gAffective Engineering Internationalh), the Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, the Information Processing Society of Japan, the Architectural Institute of Japan, the IEEE Computer Society and the IEEE SMC.

Keynote title: Kansei Robotics --- Bridging human beings and electronic gadgets through kansei engineering ---
Abstract: We, human beings, are sometimes strongly impressed by a grand view, relaxed by a favorite music, upset to inflexible computers, and convinced, or not, to our friends talk. gKansei,h or in another word, gaffection,h is a system responsible for your subjective view of the world. This system subjectively interprets multimedia and multimodal information from other people and objects, and uses this subjective view as the basis for acting upon other people and objects. Kansei can be defined as the system which characterizes the individual personalities. gKanseih is an important perspective for realizing manufacturing and information service should appeal to each individual consumer. This perspective is supported by the human-centered science and technology of gkansei engineering,h or affective engineering.